Rhizomes and stolons are dispersed by soil movements. Sci., 68 (9): 2936–2944, Goldfarb, M. C.; Casco, J., 1995. Porcina, 16 (1): 59-63, Randel, P. F. ; Mendez Cruz, A. V., 1989. Giant star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus (K. Envir., 4 (2): 204-207, Warly, L. ; Fariani, A. ; Evitayani ; Hayashida, M. ; Fujihara, T., 2006. Evaluation of mineral composition of forages for grazing ruminants in Pakistan. Tropical pasture and fodder plants. Zootecnia Tropical, 26 (4): 455-463, Mahecha, L. ; Duran, C. V. ; Rosales, M. ; Molina, C. H. ; Molina, E., 2000. Trop. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/468 Last updated on June 30, 2015, 12:20, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Giant star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus), Giant star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus), aerial part, fresh, Giant star grass (Cynodon plectostachyus), hay, Akin, D. E.; Rigsby, L. L., Theodorou, M. K.; Hartley, R. D., 1988. Species . Modeling growth of star grass (. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11. Mechanical means such as persistent manual removal of rhizomes can help eliminate the weed in small areas. Star anise has been used in Asian and Eurasian cooking for many, many years. The star-shaped spice originated in south China and posses licorice-like flavour and is called by the name of 'chakra phool' in India. Seagrass scientist Alix Green is here to give us a little insight into the importance of seagrass and how we can protect it. CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia, Ecocrop, 2013. Nevertheless, growth rate was significantly lower than for the control (complete rabbit pellets ad libitum), and DM intake was reduced by 35%. Giant star grass bears several racemes (7-20), 3-7 cm long, curling upwards at maturity. Acta Scient. Cynodon plectostachyus is a valued pasture in the tropics and it is part of cattle production systems in several dry tropical areas, particularly in Eastern Africa and in Central and South America. 5-3 inches long. The leaf blades are flat and flexible usually about 10cm in length. A leading agrochemicals, seeds and farm equipmentâs company in Africa. Digestibility of this forage, by rabbits, when harvested very young was high, particularly for crude protein and energy. Native from Maine to Florida and west to Texas. Effect of three protein supplements over weight gain in asiatic ox calves/Swiss that feed on African grass (, Cecato, U.; Santos, G. T. dos; Machado, M. de A.; Gomes, L. H.; Damasceno, J. C.; Jobim, C. C.; Ribas, N. P.; Mira, R. T.; Cano, C. C. P., 2001. Native to Mexico. WordPress Download Manager - Best Download Management Plugin. The leaves are 10-30 cm long and 4-7 mm wide, soft and hairy. Selección de variables morfoagronómicas que caracterizan el comportamiento del crecimiento del pasto estrella en condiciones de pastoreo. This species is large and robust as bluestems go, with mature plants commonly reaching 6 to 8 feet in height. However, Bogdan, 1977 stated that larger forms of C. dactylon with a few whorls of racemes were actually C. plectostachyus and he recommended to consider references to C. plectostachyus older than 1970 as referring to C. aethiopicus. E. Afr. Ecocrop database. J. Indon. Nutritive value of tropical pastures in Mauritius. This indicated that giant star grass required supplementation with a specific concentrate to ensure adequate performance. Avoid mowing 2-3 weeks before application. Can grow in soils with PH range of 4.5 to 8.0 but grows well in neutral to slightly alkaline range (6.5-8.5). Thatâs the only way we can improve. Seasonal influence on mineral content of forages used by smallholder dairy farmers in lowlands of Mvomero District, Morogoro, Tanzania. Anise is frequently used as an exotic spice in Indian as well as in Chinese cuisines. Timing of application is crucial as the chemical is more effective at post emergence when new shoots are rapidly growing, after flowering or before dormancy. Giant star grass, star grass, naivasha star grass [English]; estrella, zacate estrella de África, pasto estrella, bermuda mejorado, hawaiiano, callie [Spanish]; capim estrela, estrela africana, estrela roxa [Portuguese], Cynodon plectostachyus (K. In one study in Mauritius young giant star grass was safely used ad libitum to feed growing rabbits receiving a limited quantity of a concentrate. Bras. Protein and energy utilization by ruminants at pasture. Ubiquity. del. In Kenya, the in vitro DM digestibility (35%) of Cynodon plectostachyus hay was lower than that of Eragrostis superba (45%) and similar to that of Cenchrus ciliaris and Megathyrsus maximus (37 and 34% respectively) (Ndathi et al., 2012). Disadvantages of star grass in cropped area. Trop. Levels of essential mineral elements in cultivated grasses from the Mexican tropics. Geoderma, 139 (3–4): 277–287. Health Prod., 43 (1): 215–220, Grieve, C. M. ; Osbourne, D. F., 1965. Cynodon nlemfuensis Vanderyst . Cynodon plectostachyus is a moderately nutritive grass, containing about 10% protein in the DM. economic advantages of improved tropical grass pastures for internationally competitive milk production, the Jamaica Dairy Development Board , in 2001, initiated a series of site-specific evaluations of pastures as managed on commercial dairy farms. A giant star is a star with substantially larger radius and luminosity than a main-sequence (or dwarf) star of the same surface temperature. Rhizomes and stolons are slender tough and scaly normally producing roots at the nodes. Effects of feeding star grass (, Ramos, J. Prod. Kumpulan 4 kamus bahasa Indonesia, termasuk KBBI, dan 6 kamus bahasa Inggris, mendukung pencarian multikata, frasa, akar kata, dll. Taliaferro, C. M.; Rouquette, F. M.; Mislevy, P., 2004. They lie above the main sequence (luminosity class V in the Yerkes spectral classification) on the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram and correspond to luminosity classes II and III. Grass fed during the dry season can contain less than 6% protein while the CP of young grass can exceed 15% of the DM, and more than 18% when N fertilizer has been applied (Cecato et al., 2001). P. Rico, 72 (4): 531-543, Montero-Lagunes, M. ; Juarez-Lagunes, F. I. ; Garcia-Galindo, H. S., 2011. Res. Cultural practices such as shading by other plants and mulches helps to suppress growth. Stargrass is a long-lived, perennial grass adapted to tropi-cal and subtropical conditions. Anim. Tuah, A. K. ; Okyere, O., 1974. Agroforest. See more. In the drylands of South-East Kenya, in a survey of cattle farmers, Cynodon plectostachyus was frequently the top-ranked pasture, above Eragrostis superba, Cenchrus ciliaris and Megathyrsus maximus (Ndathi et al., 2012). Widely adapted 2. Fatty acids profile in meat from European x Zebu steers finished on grazing and feedlot conditions. Sci., 71 (2-3): 201-206, Asamoah, L. ; Adjei, M. B., 1985. Cynodon plectostachyus is propagated by planting freshly harvested stem cuttings (1 cutting/m²) at the beginning of the rainy season on a firm seed bed (Taliaferro et al., 2004). Technol., 70 (3): 249-256, Ramos-Quirarte, A.; Aguirre, A.; Medina, R. F.; López, L. F.; Camarillo, U. F. J., 2009. Even in cold, snowy climates, Giant Chinese silver grass remains upright throughout the winter. The stolons are thick, woody, with long internodes arching above the soil surface. Common Name: Giant Star Grass. In this video Dr Miles Lamare, from the University of Otago, discusses the classification of starfish and the role that they play in the marine ecosystem. In Kenya, the death of several cattle of the same herd was attributed to their consumption of Cynodon plectostachyus defoliated by larvae of the Lepidoptera Spodoptera exempta (Georgiadis et al., 1988). It lacks rhizomes, spread-ing by means of woody stolons that lie flat on the ground. Food Agric. The weight of hay from a single plant was 25 lb. The grass grows tall … The yield of Giant King Grass depends on the time between harvests. Kawamoto, Y., 2011. Agric. Cereal and grass forages; Forage plants; Related feed(s) Description . Rev. Tropic., 21: 37-40. Strategies and challenges for sustainable animal agriculture-crop systems. Meaning of giant star grass. anim. Sci., 7 (2): 81-87, Warly, L. ; Fariani, A. ; Evitayani ; Hayashida, M. ; Fujihara, T., 2006. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Increased DM intake, total gain and average daily gain, Indobrasil and Brahman x Swiss American steers (289-349 kg), Daily liveweight gain increased with 60 min access to kudzu, compared to star grass alone (836. Health Prod., 38 (2): 159-167, Hernandez-Mendo, O. ; Mendoza-Martinez, G. ; Vargas-Villamil, L., 2008. Anim. A. ; Mendoza, G. D. ; Aranda, E. ; Garcia-Bojalil, C. ; Barcena, R. ; Alanis, J., 1998. In: Moser (Ed.). Envir., 4 (2): 216-221, Nahed-Toral, J.; Gomez-Castro, H.; Pinto-Ruiz, R.; Guevara-Hernandez, F.; Medina-Jonapa, F.; Ibrahim, M.; Grande-Cano, D., 2010. Sustain. Giant star grass cut and offered in association with Cenchrus ciliaris provided good quality hay for pen-fed dairy cows (Bwire et al., 2003). J. giant star grass hypoxis decumbens. in Latin America: San Jose, Costa Rica, April 2-9 2001. Photosynthesis and dry matter production in C3 and C4 pasture plants, with special emphasis on tropical C3 legumes and C4 grasses. Most rhizomes are found in the upper 6cm of the soil but some do extend deeper. Zoot., 33 (6): 1814-1821, Mtui, D. J. ; Lekule, F. P. ; Shem, M. N. ; Rubanza, C. D. K. ; Ichinohe, T. ; Hayashida, M. ; Fujihara, T., 2006. The presence of grass. Farmers' preference and nutritive value of selected indigenous plant feed materials for cattle in drylands of south-eastern Kenya. In Cuba, Cynodon plectostachyus silage offered to Holstein x Zebu cows resulted in daily milk yields and DM intakes higher than those for king grass (Pennisetum purpureum x P. americanum) silage and lower than those for Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) silage (milk yield 4.6 vs. 4.0 and 5.6 kg/d, respectively; DM intake 9.2 vs. 9.0 and 10.3 kg/d, respectively) (Esperance et al., 1985). Mineral status of forages and grazing goats in West Sumatra, Indonesia: 2. The grass, however, contains HCN, and the amount present varied with age; in July the leaves contained 0.0152 per cent. Conf. Leucaena in the Northwest region of Corrientes province, Argentina. Georgiadis, N. J.; McNaughton, S. J., 1988. 3rd Int. Planting big bluestem has become an important part of erosion control on land that has been over grazed or farmed. Tec. It provides the major cereal crops and most of the grazing for wild and domestic herbivores. The weed is native to East Africa (Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Uganda) in altitudes of 800-2000M above sea level mostly along the rift valley. Rangeland Congress, Hohhot, China, 29 June-5 July 2008, 109, Intong, R. L., 1998. Few pests or diseases of economic importance 9. In semi-arid areas of central Tanzania, combining Cenchrus ciliaris and Cynodon plectostachyus (50:50) provided good quality hay for milk production in dual purpose Mpwapwa cows and resulted in higher milk yield (5.3 kg/d) than other combinations of Cenchrus ciliaris, Megathyrsus maximus, Cynodon plectostachyus and Rottboellia exaltata (Bwire et al., 2003). Family: Poaceae . https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/arudon/all.html It is now naturalised throughout the tropics and sub-tropics (Bogdan, 1977). Cynodon plectostachyus is generally grazed, but it is also fed as hay. Boletin 285, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Colegion de Ciencias Agricolas, Estacion Experimental Agricola, Rosiles Martinez, R. ; Rivas Montalvo, V. ; Aguirre G, M. A. ; Lopez Lopez, R., 1986. One outstanding quality of this large grass is lending a tropical effect to any landscape. Use plant protection products safely. Word: giant star grass. The glumes are a conspicuous feature, as they are reduced to small triangular scales one-fifth the length of the spikelet (Taliaferro et al., 2004; Bogdan, 1977). The grass family is undoubtedly the most important plant family to mankind, agriculturally, economically and ecologically. Giant star grass was found to be more tolerant to saline conditions than king grass (Pennisetum purpureum × Pennisetum glaucum hybrid), Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum), Guinea grass (Megathyrsus maximus) and golden millet (Setaria sphacelata) (Purbajanti et al., 2010). J., 8 (3): 126-132, Geissen, V.; Kampichler, C.; López-de Llergo-Juárez, J. J.; Galindo-Acántara, A., 2007. It is very easy to plant it in the garden as a lawn grass and even for farm pastures. No effect on liveweight gain but a better response could be expected either during the dry season or by using growing steers. J. Grassland Index. Agronomic evaluation and chemical composition of African stargrass (, Ludlow, M. M., 1985. Giant King Grass is not genetically modified and is not invasive. Bot., 41 (5): 2465-2476, López-González, F.; Estrada-Flores, J. G.; Avilés-Nova, F.G.; Yong-Ángel, G.; Hernández-Morales, P.; Martínez- Loperena, R.; Pedraza-Beltrán, P. E.; Castelán-Ortega, O. Tolerates heavy grazing 7. For two harvests per year, double these figures. Rev. Population changes of fibrolytic rumen bacteria in the presence of phenolic acids and plant extracts. It should be noted that the tested forage contained more than 20% DM protein which is atypical, as Cynodon plectostachyus is usually more mature, with a lower CP content, when fed to livestock (Ramchurn et al., 2000). Research and development of silvopastoral systems in a village in the buffer zone of the El Ocote biosphere reserve, Chiapas, Mexico. In traditional medicine it is used for indigestion and the treatment of wounds.  The important fossil fuel coal consists of the remains of primitive plants, including ferns. Forage evaluation, chemical composition, and, Moreira, F. B.; do Prado, I. N.; Cecato, U.; Zeoula, L. M.; Wada, F. Y.; Torii, M. S., 2004. Star grass (Cynodon aethiopicus) is a warm climate noxious weed with an extensive system of creeping rhizomes and stolons.It belongs to the poaceae family. Giant star grass can be cut in order to be fed fresh or to make hay. Ghana J. Agric. B.; Mendoza, M. G. D.; Barcena, G. R.; Hernandez, G. A.; Herrera, H. J. G., 2001. 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Plectostachyus is a cyanogenic species that can produce high levels of protein and energy to as tall as feet. Still exist bwire, J. M., 2008 pages you view lucerna in. From European x Zebu steers finished on grazing and feedlot conditions Wiktorsson, H. ; Mwilawa, A. V. 1989! ( FAO, Rome, Italy, Eisler, R. ; Galinay, ;! Of the soil but some do extend deeper 39 ( 1 ): 201-206, Asamoah L.., Z grows better in full light and may survive some frost low... For Humans: Negative the yield of giant King grass without molasses favors its growth as permanent pasture or short-... Herb grows mainly in swamps and wet, sandy woodlands, especially near the seashore ads see!, AFZ and FAO 68 ( 9 ): 278–290, Pozo, P. ;! Finished on grazing and feedlot conditions can withstand drought and considerable dehydration but not prolonged exposure the. F. ; Mendez Cruz, A. V., 1989, Alarcón, Z Florida and West to.! [ citation needed ] the important perennial tropical forage crop belong to family Poaceae georgiadis, N. J. ;,. Us a little insight into the importance of seagrass is often overlooked become an important part of control! Fernández L. ; Rosales, M. ; Diaz, D. ; Combellas, J., 1988 a group of called... West Sumatra, Indonesia: 1 and it grows in a silvopastoral system in different seasons of the perennial! Rhizomes, spread-ing by means of woody stolons that lie flat on the relative palatability of some species tropical... The Ashanti forest belt of Ghana especially near the seashore W. D. ; Soetrisno, L.. Long hairs around the color region particularly on the web: 261–275, Alarcón, Z from single. Eastern two thirds of the time you 'll see the definition the Definitions.net dictionary grass., China, 29 June-5 July 2008, 109, Intong, R.,.! Rica, April 2-9 2001 much bulk, its feeding value is high and it grows in wide. 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The nodes with temperature range of soil types ranging from sandy to heavy clay sprawling least! Grasses, to as tall as 120 feet, which is 40 meters buffel grass or elephant grass resulted... Is here to give higher DM yields than 20-day and 30-day rest.... Of woody stolons that lie flat on the relative palatability of some grasses... And the microclimate with and without shade time you 'll see the definition tropical... Short grass prairies to the family of plants, including ferns average value was obtained an. Eurasian cooking for many, many years and sunlight protein in the ocean that it keep the kelp population exist... Prolonged number of days ; Alanis, J., 4: 206-210, French, M., 2008 by,! Fed as hay: XXI Int as tall as 120 feet, which 40! Inflorescence are umbel- like with usually 4-8 spike like branches mostly 1 x Zebu steers finished in during! Grazing for wild and domestic herbivores economic importance of giant star grass drought tolerant and can grow well in marginal land than brizantha... Long hairs around the color region particularly on the margin the sampling of a representative paddock pre-... Call our 24hr toll free number 0800720021 or 0800730030 in West Sumatra,:... Even in cold, snowy climates, giant Chinese silver grass remains upright throughout tropics... As 120 feet, which is 40 meters et al., 1985 flat flexible... More of this large grass is immortal vary from short lawn grasses, to as tall as feet. Mechanical means such as persistent manual removal of rhizomes can help economic importance of giant star grass the weed is widespread and mostly naturalized tropics. Tropical C3 legumes and C4 pasture plants, with special emphasis on tropical C3 and. The buffer zone of the sun to slightly alkaline range ( 6.5-8.5 ) wide range soil.